Solar storms in 2025, the worst in a century, could cripple power systems
There are a lot of things in the universe, and if you think they don't have any effect on us, think again! Scientists will not hesitate to tell you how wrong you are to say so. Because there are a lot of things in space that can affect us, and one of them is solar storms. Many people don't know how much solar storms affect us, or if they will affect us.
The thing about solar storms is that they're not that unusual. When the sun rises, solar storms radiate outward in solar flares and coronal mass ejections. The last major solar storm was in February 2022, and the last were in 2017 and 2005. Although solar storms don't happen as often as some well-known natural phenomena, they do happen all the time.
When a solar flare explodes on the sun, it creates ripples that point toward Earth's magnetic field. We can only observe geomagnetic storms when those tiny ripples actually reach Earth. Geomagnetic storms are the biggest disturbances in the Earth's magnetosphere, and they affect us so much that they are extremely rare. In fact, it's been 50 years since the last recorded geometric storm had a significant impact, and geomagnetic storms of any significance are rare 39bet-kết quả bóng đá-kết quả xổ số miền bắc-kèo bóng đá -soi cầu bóng đá-đặt cược.
According to scientists, since the last eruption of Earth's magnetic field, both major solar storms have theoretically occurred every few hundred years. The scientists, who are part of the University of Warwick and the British Antarctic Survey, described the two hurricanes as "superstars", which occur every four centuries, and a triennial superstorm. So how do these magnetic storms act on us?
Indeed, when talking about issues such as geomagnetic storms, one of the biggest concerns is how it will affect the Earth and the people who call it home. It sounds like something like geomagnetism is something we should worry about, but it's not, because we're far from the orbit of geomagnetism storms. In fact, geomagnetic storms affect the Earth itself more than people on Earth. When the sun radiates to the Earth's surface, it will disturb our ionosphere, and it will affect our wireless network, so that the radio signal is lost, and the sound or picture is destroyed, so that we can't receive the signal.
A magnetic storm could cause trillions of dollars in damage to power grids, radio communications and satellites. But compared with other disasters, a magnetic storm, which has the potential to cause massive damage to property, will have little impact on human beings, just as in ancient times and in modern times, electricity is the key factor. Not only satellites, telephones, radios and other equipment can be affected by magnetic fields. Now, let's talk about the first solar storm.
In fact, solar storms have been around longer than anyone else today. In 1859, the first violent solar storm ever observed was named the Carrington Event after Richard Carrington. Astronomer Richard Carrington observed the phenomenon with his own telescope. Carrington quickly thought of this problem and drew a sunspot shape. According to Nasa scientists, it was the worst worldwide disruption of telegraph communications in 500 years, leading many telegraph companies to say they were overwhelmed by the response.
The cables also noted that in many workplaces, wires that had been switched off had been unreasonably energized and exceeded the load, causing leakage and burning. Although there had been solar storms before the Carrington eruption, they had not been properly recorded. Before the first officially recorded solar storm in the 19th century, solar storms were the biggest on record, but we know there have been a few since, not quite as big as the one in 1921.
One of the largest solar storms ever recorded occurred in 1921. According to records, the storm destroyed not only telephone stations, but also electronic equipment, leaving power out for several hours. A 1989 storm knocked out the power system in Quebec City. There have been a few solar storm events since then, but not since 40 spaceship-launched satellites failed to launch and were sent back to Earth. That's because scientists have discovered that solar storms are, in fact, regular.
The pattern of solar storms is actually very simple. The Sun has a solar cycle, the solar magnetic cycle, which is a cycle of solar activity over an 11-year period, and it is measured based on the observation of sunspots on the sun's surface. The most recent cycle began in December 2019. About 25 solar cycles in, the North and South Poles will exchange for the last time in 11 cycles, returning them to their original positions. Scientists had predicted that the sun would be at its most active at that time.
The sun's activity actually affects us all the time and affects our daily life. For now, though, this cycle is lower than normal, but that doesn't mean extreme weather in space can't happen. Many scientists even suspect that this new cycle will be the largest we've seen since 2008, and that it will occur sometime around 2025.
Already this August, a small solar storm swept across the globe. This one ranged in intensity from G1 to G5 (a scale scientists use to measure storm intensity). The lowest was G1, the faintest and the most frequent we've ever seen. And G5, the worst storm, is relatively rare, not nearly as many as G1. This is also the level that has the greatest impact on the grid. Scientists have found that this storm will be G1. Although the storm will not have the same effects as the G5, it will disrupt wireless communications, satellites and animal migration.
And these kinds of storms are most likely to occur during the shortest part of the solar cycle, which we're in right now, in the next three years, until 2025, when we reach the maximum part of the cycle. Solar storms are rare rather than rare phenomena. In the meantime, if we get the chance, we'll be lucky enough to witness this. We are now in a solar cycle, and there will be a solar storm soon, as to whether the human race will escape the havoc. Who knows, do you think?